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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-45

A comparison of elastic tubing and step-up exercises on knee joint proprioception in normal subjects

Department of Physiotherapy, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Shashwat Prakash
Department of Physiotherapy,Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar - 125 001, Haryana
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.149536

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Background: Proprioception encompasses the senses of joint position and joint motion. With the use of proprioceptive information the human body can better maintain joint stability during static posture and produce coordinated and precise motions during mobile tasks. It is learnt that proprioceptive acuity decreases not only due to injury and degenerative diseases but also as a result of aging. Most of the previous studies have focused on recipients of joint replacements or those with ligament injuries. This study was conducted to check the effectiveness of elastic tubing exercises (ETEX) and step-up exercises (STEX) on knee proprioception in normal healthy subjects. Materials and Methods: 30 college-going healthy females between 20-30 years of age were randomly assigned to be trained with either STEX or elastic-tubing exercises (ETEX). Outcomes of the interest were captured at baseline and at the end of 6 weeks training. Results: There was significant difference in both groups. However, ETEX are better than STEX at 20°; and STEX are better than ETEX at 30°. Conclusion: Both exercises are effective in improving knee joint proprioception in young and physically active females. These are simple exercises which can be carried out as a part of home protocol and require minimum supervision. It will be interesting to see if the same results can be replicated in all age-groups, especially the elderly. Regular training in elders can reduce likelihood fall and hence improve the overall quality of life.

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