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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-55

Effect of exercise on undergraduate health care students

1 Department of Physiology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Surgery, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Arunima Chaudhuri
Department of Physiology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.149539

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Background: Various cardio-respiratory parameters are markedly better in youths who undertake couple of hours of exercise. This better cardio-respiratory fitness is known to translate into a lower cardiac disease risk in future. Aims: To study the effects of physical exercise on cardiovascular profile in young undergraduate males in health sector. Materials and Methods: This pilot study was undertaken in a tertiary care hospital of eastern India after taking Institutional ethical clearance and informed consent of the subjects in a time span of 2 years. One hundred male subjects in the age group of 18-25 years with no regular exercise habit, were selected as study group and 100 males otherwise comparable anthropometrically with a physically active lifestyle were selected as control. Blood pressure, pulse rate, and spirometric parameters were measured. Then, the subjects were made to exercise with bicycle ergometer. After cessation of exercise, the previous parameters were again recorded. Data obtained was analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Pre- (71.16 ± 1.98 vs 77.76 ± 4.59) and post-exercise (114.52 ± 5.55 vs 120.05 ± 4.79) heart rate and systolic BP (119.8 ± 7.05 vs 125.3 ± 5.72 and 140.80 ± 7.60 vs 147.84 ± 6.07) were significantly less in control as compared to study group. Post-exercise FEV1% was significantly less in study group. Pre- (4.1 ± 0.56 vs 4.05 ± 0.54) and post-exercise values of FVC (3.94 ± 0.55 vs. 3.77 ± 0.47) was significantly less (P value: 0.037*) in study group as compared to controls. Conclusions: Early lifestyle modification by regular exercises may improve not only quality of life in general but patient care in particular in students of healthcare services.

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