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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 82-85

Effect of Swiss ball exercise in type II diabetes mellitus

1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopaedic Physiotherapist, Global Health City, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Physiotherapist, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravichandran Hariharasudhan
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopaedic Physiotherapist, Global Health City, Chennai - 600100, Tamil Nadu
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.146347

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Aims and Objective of the Study: To study the effectiveness of exercises using Swiss ball in lowering waist circumference, fasting blood sugar (FBS), post-prandial blood sugar (PPBS), and glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) among Type II diabetic patients. Scope of the Study: The outcome of this research study can be used for comprehensive diabetic management and preventive means by adopting at schools and colleges. Materials and Methods: Eighty Type II diabetic patients were divided in two groups. While both groups were treated with medication, group II were treated with set of exercises using Swiss ball. FBS, PPBS, HbA1c, and waist circumference were measured before and 12 weeks after the test, which was recorded and statistically analyzed. Results and Discussion: Reduction in waist circumference decreased with a probability level of 0.1%, reduction in fasting blood sugar at 5% level of probability, lowering of HbA1c at 0.1% of probability, and PPBS remained unaffected with P > 0.05. Conclusion: Hence, exercises using Swiss ball are effective in the management of diabetic patients and can be used as preventive means of diabetes among schools and colleges where Juvenile Diabetes, physical inactivity, life style changes, etc., predisposing to various medical ailments can better be utilized as part of physical education and fitness promotions.

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