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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-122

Preferential vastus medialis oblique activation and its effectiveness in patellofemoral pain syndrome: A review of literature-an update


Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Central University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Moazzam Hussain Khan
Central University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.156338

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To review recent literature regarding evidences for best possible exercises and methods that are proposed for preferential vastus medialis oblique (VMO) activation and effectiveness of preferential VMO activation in patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) patients. The review of recent literature supports preferential VMO activation as one of the efficient management protocols in PFPS patients. Although there is quite heterogeneity in the available research, a majority of research suggests close kinetic chain (CKC) exercises to be more beneficial also the CKC squatting exercise with full maximum voluntary isometric contraction hip adduction has been an exercise quite supported by the recent researches for preferential VMO activation. It can be augmented via other methods like taping, biofeedback, motor imagery, unstable surface to enhance the VMO activation. In accordance with the review of recent literature, preferential VMO activation also has been very well correlated with a reduction in pain, enhancement in function in PFPS patients.


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