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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 254-261

Reducing the risk of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries and performance adaptations to "sportsmetric training" in elite female basketball players


Department of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Amrinder Singh
Faculty of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.164299

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Context: Understanding the effect of "sportsmetric training (SMT) on reducing the risk of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and performance adaptations in elite female basketball players." Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine if the sportsmetrics basketball training program would be effective in improving neuromuscular performance indices, thereby allowing recommendation for the program for both an injury prevention and enhancement of sport activity. Settings and Design: Present experimental study conducted at basketball court in Guru Nanak Dev University, Punjab (India). Subjects and Methods: Forty interuniversity female basketball elite players (mean age 20.0 ± 1.2 years; mean height, 163.4 ± 4.4; mean mass 52.1 ± 4.9 kg) volunteered and were randomly assigned into two groups. Both experimental group and control group were assessed for lower limb alignment on the video drop-jump test, vertical jump height assessed by kinematic measuring system and agility assessed by Illinois test. Control group had followed their routine training, and experimental group had performed sportsmetrics training for 6 weeks. After 6 weeks of training postmeasures were taken. Statistical Analysis Used: Significance was defined as P ≤ 0.05. Paired t-test was conducted for all the variables of within the groups. Unpaired t-test was run for comparison of all the parameters of between the SMT and control groups. Results: In the video drop-jump test, significant changes were found in the mean absolute knee separation distances on landing phases of jump in within training group and between the groups. There were also significant changes observe in vertical jump and Illinois agility test in within training group as well as between the groups. Conclusions: This program significantly improved lower limb alignment on a drop-jump test and thereby reducing the risk of noncontact ACL injury as well as improved performance indices and may be implemented preseason or off season.


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