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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-39

Effect of traditional sitting on flexibility of hamstring and calf muscle among Arab people


1 Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Venkata Nagaraj Kakaraparthi
Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.197468

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Purpose of the Study: The hamstring muscles are important contributors to the control of human movement and are involved in a wide range of activities from running and jumping to forward bending during sitting or standing and a range of postural control actions. [1] The sit-and-reach test (SRT) is a field test used to measure low back and hamstring muscle flexibility. Therefore, study contends that the flexibility of hamstring will get affected with Arab traditional sitting. Most of the Arab people have some shortening of hamstring muscles due to their style of sitting because of the knee flexion in Arab traditional sitting even the calf muscle also gets shortening and loss of flexibility. The purpose of this study is to assess hamstring muscle flexibility using the SRT test in Arab people who preferred traditional Arab sitting. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 male Arab people who living in Saudi Arabia (age range 20-40 years) volunteered to participate, and without any significant history of pathology of the hip, knee, or thigh were enlist for this study. A standard sit-and-reach box was used to position the subjects for the test, and the sliding ruler that is centered on the top of the box was used to take the SRT scores. Results: From the results, it has been noticed that age has P = 0.000968 which is highly significant due to which it plays significant effect. Age plays significant role in affecting the result whereas height does not play significant role in affecting the result of hamstring flexibility. Conclusion: Differences in hamstring muscle length varies according to age, weight, or style of sitting. The active person has better flexibility than who preferred traditional Arab sitting.


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