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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-78

Managerial work, exercise, smoking, and gender as determinants of neck and shoulder pain in office workers


1 Occupational Health Unit, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Orthopedics, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Sultan T Al-Otaibi
University of Dammam, P.O. Box: 2208, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-6308.207572

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Background: Musculoskeletal diseases involving the neck and shoulder regions are the most common occupational disorders around the world. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of neck and shoulder pain among office workers within two worksites in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Methods: A validated standardized questionnaire was distributed to Saudi Aramco employees on May 2006 who were performing office job that used computers for a majority of their daily work. The statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS version 15. Results: The study population included 581 office workers, 466 were male (80.2%) and 115 were female (19.8%). Adjusted odds ratio (OR) of neck and shoulder pain during the past 7 days for managerial jobs was 2.16 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.81–5.78). Adjusted OR of neck and shoulder pain during the past 12 months for managerial job was 5.21 (95% CI: 1.52–7.81). The crude OR of neck and shoulder pain ever for managerial job was 1.58 (95% CI: 1.04–2.49), and when this was adjusted for the two determinants of interest and the covariates resulted in an OR of 1.61 (95% CI: 1.02–2.66). The adjusted OR of neck and shoulder pain, for no exercises and smoking and for being women, was statically significant. Conclusion: Office workers in managerial jobs experience more symptoms of neck and shoulder pain compared with workers in nonmanagerial positions. The result also indicated that moderate or regular exercise reduces these symptoms. Smokers and being women experience more neck and shoulder pain.


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