Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56--61

An incidence survey of the female athlete triad in school and college level female athletes in Dakshina Karnataka, India


Keerthika Veer Ranji1, Joseph Oliver Raj Alexander2, Kshama Susheel Shetty1 
1 Alva's College of Physiotherapy, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India
2 Alva's College of Physiotherapy, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka; Vinayaka Mission's College of Physiotherapy, Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation (Deemed to be University), Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Joseph Oliver Raj Alexander
Alva's College of Physiotherapy, Moodabidri, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
India

Introduction: The female athlete triad (FAT) being a major health concern received global recognition, but not much effort has been put in this direction in India. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of the FAT, in school and college level professional female athletes in Dakshina Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: Survey was conducted using a cluster sampling technique on 64 female athletes between the age group of 15 and 22 years, actively involved in any sports for at least 2 years. The three components of the triad were assessed using standardized, valid, and reliable tools of assessment. Eating disorders were assessed using Eating Attitude Test-26 Scale. Peripheral ankle dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry used to assess bone mineral density. Menstrual abnormalities were assessed based on the predetermined set of questions. Data Interpretations and Results: Descriptive statistics revealed that 6% of the sample studied suffers from FAT, 19% have two components, and 33% have one component positive, that is, they are at high risk of the positive triad. Conclusion: The incidence of the FAT is low, but a significant proportion of the studied sample is at high risk for the triad.


How to cite this article:
Ranji KV, Alexander JO, Shetty KS. An incidence survey of the female athlete triad in school and college level female athletes in Dakshina Karnataka, India.Saudi J Sports Med 2019;19:56-61


How to cite this URL:
Ranji KV, Alexander JO, Shetty KS. An incidence survey of the female athlete triad in school and college level female athletes in Dakshina Karnataka, India. Saudi J Sports Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 9 ];19:56-61
Available from: http://www.sjosm.org/article.asp?issn=1319-6308;year=2019;volume=19;issue=2;spage=56;epage=61;aulast=Ranji;type=0