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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-42

Common injuries in resistance training


Department of Physical Therapy, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Ahmed Mohammed Alqarni
2421, Prince Muteb Street, Ashulah District, Dammam, 34271
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_4_20

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Many life-threatening medical illnesses are caused by physical inactivity. The rising awareness of this issue has motivated people to incorporate sports into their daily activities. Resistance training (RT) is a popular form of training, and there are an increasing number of people practicing it due to its enormous range of health benefits. The possibility of injuries while practicing RT raises the question of whether RT is safe and worth the health benefits. Most RT injuries are preventable by various corrective actions that can be easily taken. Most RT injuries occur in the shoulder, back, and knee joints. Shoulder injuries can be of the acute or overuse type and are caused by biomechanical and physiological factors that can be addressed and corrected. Back injuries occur mainly in the lumbar area. Injuries vary from traumatic to overuse injuries. Lumbar kinematics and physiological components are the main factors that contribute to injuries, which can be prevented by adjusting the method of training, using proper machines, and using protective equipment. Knee injuries are the least common injuries. They are caused by the biomechanical and physiological changes caused by repeated flexion and extension while bearing weight during RT. Furthermore, anatomical knee joint abnormalities expose the knee injuries. Early detection of these abnormalities, proper training, and good coaching could prevent such injuries.


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