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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 86-87

Effects of different types of warm-up on dynamic stability and isokinetic strength

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Date of Submission22-Nov-2020
Date of Acceptance07-Dec-2020
Date of Web Publication02-Mar-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Ahsan
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31451
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_36_20

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How to cite this article:
Ahsan M. Effects of different types of warm-up on dynamic stability and isokinetic strength. Saudi J Sports Med 2020;20:86-7

How to cite this URL:
Ahsan M. Effects of different types of warm-up on dynamic stability and isokinetic strength. Saudi J Sports Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2023 Sep 21];20:86-7. Available from: https://www.sjosm.org/text.asp?2020/20/3/86/310619

Dear Editor,

Warm-up is generally executed prior to participation in any sports to prepare sportspersons for strenuous game situations or to improve the subsequent performance. The practice of warm-up has been accepted globally. An optimal warm-up help sportsperson to enhance mental and physical readiness, prevent injuries, and overall sports performance. In general, there are two types of warm-up – active and passive. Active warm-up includes low-intensity exercises which are useful to enhance the body temperature, warm body's tissue, and improve physiological functions.[1] Passive warm-up includes external heat resources such as whirlpools, diathermy, ultrasound, hot pack, bath, and massage.[2] Holmstrom and Aalborg also suggest that a small number of warm-ups might be effective in increasing and maintaining the range of motion and muscle endurance for untrained male workers.[3]

Although active, passive, and combined warm-up protocols are often prescribed before any sports activity, considerable studies have been accomplished on these concerns to determine the effects of different protocols on performance. Some research has a significant effect, whereas others have a insignificant effect. Because of the consensus regarding the effect of warm-up on sports performance, there were lack of similarities in the exercise protocols. We conducted two studies to discover the most effective warm up method that has an impact on dynamic stability and strength.[4],[5]

The findings of our investigation revealed that active, passive, and combined warm-ups have significant and insignificant effects on the dynamic stability and strength of different players. Our findings were in accordance with that of Daneshjoo et al., Nejati et al., Ahsan and Muaidi, Andrade et al., and Morales-Artacho et al.[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11] Warm-up is usually thought to have positive effects on injury prevention for any sports activity. There is also a need to conduct more research on the effect of warm-up protocol on muscle performance and dynamic stability.

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  References Top

Khan MH, Nuhmani S, Kapoor G. Comparison of two different warm-up protocols on functional performance in athletes. Sports Med J 2012;8:1963-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
Khan MH, Nuhmani S, Kapoor G, Ahmed N, Agnihotri D. Effects of ice with active warm up and active warm up alone on performance in football player. IJBAR 2012;3:841-6.  Back to cited text no. 2
Holmstrom E, Ahlborg B. Morning warming-up exercise-effects on musculoskeletal fitness in construction workers. Appl Ergon. 2005;36:513-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
Ahsan M, Mohammad A. Effects of different warm-up techniques on dynamic balance and muscular strength on players: a study. Eur J Phys Edus Sport Sci 2018;4:29-39.  Back to cited text no. 4
Ahsan M. A comparative study of different types of warm-up effect on postural stability and isokinetic strength, Indian J Public Health Res Dev 2019;10:447-89.  Back to cited text no. 5
Daneshjoo A, Mokhtar AH, Rahnama N, Yusof A. The effects of comprehensive warm-up programs on proprioception, static and dynamic balance on male soccer players. PLoS One 2012;7:e51568.  Back to cited text no. 6
Nejati N, Balarin GB, Gonzolas A, Neal J. Acute effects of dynamic and static stretching during warm-up on balance and agility for untrained adults. In: Proceedings: 11th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University; 2015. p. 58.  Back to cited text no. 7
Ahsan M, Muaidi QI. An investigation of ball velocity between the instep and inside of the foot kicks of University soccer players. J Athl Enhanc 2017;6:1-3.  Back to cited text no. 8
Andrade DC, Henriquez-Olguín C, Beltrán AR, Ramírez MA, Labarca C, Cornejo M, et al. Effects of general, specific and combined warm-up on explosive muscular performance. Biol Sport 2015;32:123-8.  Back to cited text no. 9
Morales-Artacho AJ, Lacourpaille L, Guilhem G. Effects of warm-up on hamstring muscles stiffness: Cycling vs foam rolling. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2017;27:1959-69.  Back to cited text no. 10
Nawed A, Khan IA, Jalwan J, Nuhmani S, Muaidi QI. Efficacy of FIFA 11+ training program on functional performance in amateur male soccer players. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018;31:867-70.  Back to cited text no. 11

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