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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-29

Ankle arthroscopy: Indications, patterns of admissions, surgical outcomes, and associated complications among Saudi Patients at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City in Riyadh


1 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Reconstructive Orthopedic Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 College of Medicine, Imam Mohamed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Pharmacist, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopedics, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad A Almalki
Reconstructive Orthopedic Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/sjsm.sjsm_3_21

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Background: Despite the frequent usage of ankle arthroscopy, there is limited medical literature regarding its indications, patterns of admissions, surgical outcomes, and associated complicated at Saudi Arabia. Hence, this study would highlight the surgical outcomes of such surgical approach that will assist orthopedic surgeons to detect which surgical procedure needs to be done as well as to help them regarding their diagnostic workups. Methods: At the Orthopedic Division of King Abdul-Aziz Medical City in Riyadh and through a cross-sectional design and convenient sampling techniques, the present study had recruited 20 subjects who fulfill the inclusion and exclusion criteria between 2016 and 2018. Data collection was carried out by a questionnaire designed and revised by an expert panel of health professionals. Results: Twenty patients were reviewed (11M and 9F) with an average age of 40.1 ± 12.2. Only 30% of the patients (5M, 1F) have no comorbidity, but 70% of patients (7M, 8F) were having at least one comorbidity. The most common indications were osteochondritis dissecans (n = 7, 35%), ankle fracture without dislocation (n = 4, 20%), and tibiotalar impingement (n = 3, 15%). Patients recorded pain in all cases (100%). The top four symptoms after pain were instability (30%, n = 6), muscle weakness (15%, n = 3) swelling (15%, n = 3), and stiffness (5%, n = 1). Two-third of cases reached to their full healthy status and toe-touch weight-bearing was seen in two patients (10%). Conclusion: Ankle arthroscopy improved the rehabilitation rates in our tertiary care center. In addition, the surgical outcomes are favorable in our hospital since it has a very short length of stay, unexpended surgery, and fewest physiotherapy sessions.


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